Voyage to Adelaide in 1864

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Voyage to Adelaide in 1864
Under command of Captain David Bruce
Departure port London
Departure date 6th August 1864
Arrival port Port Adelaide
Arrival date 7th November 1864
Voyage duration 93 days
Port of Call
Port of call Plymouth
Arrival 12th Aug 1864
Departure 12th Aug 1864

Introduction

On the 6th August 1864 the City of Adelaide began her maiden voyage to South Australia when she left London and proceeded to Plymouth to collect more passengers. After six days sailing, she was sighted off Plymouth about 10:00am on the 12th August. About 1:00pm the remaining passengers sailed out to her by small boat and boarded her. The City of Adelaide departed at about 4:00pm the same day bound for Adelaide under the command of Captain David Bruce.

The following description of the ship and voyage appeared in a number of Adelaide newspapers including the South Australian Advertiser of 9 November 1864:[1]

The City of Adelaide.—It is many years ago since Captain Bruce took up his station on the berth from Adelaide to London, and after giving general satisfaction in the Irene, he resolved to build expressly for the trade a new vessel in which all the requirements his experience could suggest should be met. The order was given to Messrs. Pile & Co., the eminent shipbuilders of Sunderland, and the result has been the production of a ship of which the colony may well be proud. The frame is of iron with teak wood planking, 195 feet over all, 19 feet depth of hold, and 33 feet 6 inches beam, with lines and proportions which will ensure fast sailing. Nor is speedy progress the only aim, for in her passenger appointments every means have been taken to ensure perfection. The main saloon is a handsome apartment, decorated with white and gold, and furnished with settees, tables, and sideboard of polished teak, mirrors and pianoforte add to the general effect; while a visit to the state-rooms, of which there are six on each side, show at a glance that nothing is wanting to promote the comfort of voyageurs, even down to hot water warming apparatus. While in tropical regions there are large ports to afford ventilation and light, and two excellent bathrooms for ladies and gentlemen are provided—one under the break of the poop, and the other abaft the main saloon. Her appearance to a nautical man is extremely pleasing, for while possessing the fine lines of a clipper vessel, there is a neatness about the spars and rigging which adds materially to her appearance. In the matter of people it was a mere facsimile of the old Irene— Captain Bruce on the poop, his son in the waist, and the same providore (Mr. Claxton[)] in the cabin; indeed, it seemed from this but a resuscitation of the old blue-sided trader, though a glance at the craft decided her superiority, and aroused pleasurable feelings that the Port Adelaide trade warranted the building of such a ship. Patent steering gear, patent topsails, windlass, and pumps were adopted, and it almost seems as if Captain Bruce had served his time in the Irene but to produce the beau ideal of what an Adelaide trader should be—in cargo, space liberal and ample for wool freight; in second cabin 30 and in saloon accommodation 36 passengers will find ample space. The excellence of the arrangement is highly eulogized by the passengers, of whom a number are very old colonists, who return with pleasure to Australia, and testify to the merits of Captain Bruce and his ship in our advertising columns. She left London on the 6th August, and touched afterwards at Plymouth, from which port she has made a passage of 87 days, having had light fair winds from the Channel to the Bay of Biscay; but in the early trades, instead of a continuation of favorable weather, it blew but three days from the N.E. Thirty-three days elapsed before crossing the Line, and the meridian of the Cape was passed on the 8th October, without a single incident of importance to break the monotony of the trip beyond a hurricane which assailed the ship when off the Cape de Verd Islands, in which she behaved admirably. She reached the Lightship on Monday afternoon, but as her draught of water is over 17 feet some days will elapse before she can cross the bars.

The City of Adelaide was towed up to the Port on Tuesday 15 November 1864.[2]


Passenger List

Passenger lists and testimonials presented to Captain David Bruce and Dr Nason on arrival in Adelaide were published in the Adelaide newspapers.[3][4][5]

The following is a list of passengers on the maiden voyage that arrived in Port Adelaide on 7 November 1864 after a 93 day passage.

No. Name in Newspaper /
on Passenger List
Individual
Wiki (GEDCOM) Page
Family/Household
Wiki (GEDCOM) Page
Cabin Class Birth Date Age Comment Ref.
1 Bray, Mr. T.C. Bray, Thomas Cox - I1 Bray Family - F1 First Class (Saloon) 8 Jun 1815 Abt 49
2 Bray, Mrs. S. Pink, Sarah - I2 Bray Family - F1 First Class (Saloon)
3 Bray, Miss Sarah A. Bray, Sarah Ann - I3 Bray Family - F1 First Class (Saloon) Mar 1844 Abt 20
4 Bray, Miss Blanche L. Bray, Blanche Louisa - I4 Bray Family - F1 First Class (Saloon) 1848 Abt 16
5 Bruce, Miss Bruce, Janet - I23 Bruce Family - F2001 First Class (Saloon) 1843
6 Cockburn Campbell, Mr. T. Cockburn Campbell, Thomas - I21 First Class (Saloon) 1845 Abt 19
7 Dover, Miss Dover, Janetta - I8 First Class (Saloon) Discrepancies in first name - might be Janetta or Linetta
8 Fairlie, Mrs. Parsons, Elizabeth - I11 Fairlie Family - F6 First Class (Saloon) Dec 1823 and three children
9 Fairlie, Miss Fairlie, Bessie - I15 Fairlie Family - F6 First Class (Saloon)
10 Fairlie, Miss Fairlie, Maryanne - I16 Fairlie Family - F6 First Class (Saloon)
11 Fairlie, Child Fairlie, - I12 Fairlie Family - F6 First Class (Saloon) Child of Mrs. Fairlie
12 Fairlie, Child Fairlie, - I13 Fairlie Family - F6 First Class (Saloon) Child of Mrs. Fairlie
13 Fairlie, Child Fairlie, - I14 Fairlie Family - F6 First Class (Saloon) Child of Mrs. Fairlie
14 Letchford, Master Letchford, Frederick - I19 Letchford Family - F88 First Class (Saloon) 1860 abt 4
15 Letchford, Miss Letchford, Eliza - I17 Letchford Family - F88 First Class (Saloon) 20 Nov 1849 14
16 Letchford, Miss Letchford, Fanny - I18 Letchford Family - F88 First Class (Saloon) 1857 abt 7
17 Methuen, Miss Matilda Methuen, Matilda - I7 First Class (Saloon)
18 Nason, Dr. Nason, Edward - I24 First Class (Saloon) 1823 abt 41 Acted as ship's surgeon
19 Ringwood, Mr. T.W. Ringwood, Frederick William - I22 First Class (Saloon) 1846 abt 18 Wrong initial in newspapers T/F
20 Sims, Mr. Joseph H. Sims, Joseph Griffiths - I20 First Class (Saloon) 1823 abt 41
21 Suter, Mr. Suter, Edward - I9 Suter Family - F84 First Class (Saloon) abt 1815 abt 49 Discrepancies in initials or names
22 Suter, Mrs. Morris, Fanny - I10 Suter Family - F84 First Class (Saloon) abt 1817 abt 47
23 Wilcox, Mr. George Wilcox, George - I5 Wilcox Family - F43 First Class (Saloon) 1838 abt 26
24 Wilcox, Mrs. Annie Fuller, Annie Caldicot - I6 Wilcox Family - F43 First Class (Saloon) 1840 abt 24
25 Henniker, Mr. James Henniker, James - I28 Second Class Cabins
26 Hillier, Mr. William S. Hillier, William Smith - I25 Hillier Family - F44 Second Class Cabins
27 Hillier, Mrs. Jane Hillier, Jane - I26 Hillier Family - F44 Second Class Cabins
28 Humbley, Mr. H. Humbley, Richard Humbley Wells - I30 Second Class Cabins 1844 abt 20
29 Price, Mr. C.J. Price, Charles Joseph - I29 Fairlie Family - F6 Second Class Cabins abt 1842 abt 22
30 Ruff, Mrs. Merrett, Elizabeth - I27 Second Class Cabins Sep 1819 45





Crew List

No. Name Wiki (GEDCOM) Page Birth Place Birth Date Age Position Wage Last Ship Date joined Place joined Date Left Place Left Reason Left Comment Ref.
1 Bruce, David Bruce, David - I2001 Perth 1816 49 Master Irene 01 Aug 1864 London Remains [6]
2 Bruce, John Bruce, John - I2005 Perth 1840 25 1st Mate Irene 06 Aug 1864 London 04 May 1865 London Discharged [6]
3 Robins, Edwd Joseph Robins, Edwd Joseph - I20414 Truro, Cornwall abt 1820 45 2nd Mate Obi 06 Aug 1864 London 06 May 1865 London Discharged [6]
4 Smith, Julian Smith, Julian - I20456 London abt 1843 21 3rd Mate Irene 06 Aug 1864 London 06 May 1865 London Discharged [6]
5 Standish, Daniel Standish, Daniel - I20473 London abt 1828 36 Boatswain Lansdowne 06 Aug 1864 London 06 May 1865 London Discharged [6]
6 Nason, Edward Nason, Edward - I24 Warwickshire abt 1824 40 Surgeon 06 Aug 1864 London 04 May 1865 London Discharged [6]
7 Bruce, Thomas Bruce, Thomas - I20070 Perth abt 1840 24 Carpenter Irene 06 Aug 1864 London 06 May 1865 London Discharged [6]
8 Elliot, William H Elliot, William H - I20152 London abt 1843 21 Midshipman Copenhagen 06 Aug 1864 London 12 Aug 1864 Plymouth Illness [6]
9 Harrold, John Harrold, John - I20215 Chelsea abt 1822 42 Cook Fiery Star 06 Aug 1864 London 28 Dec 1864 Adelaide Deserted [6]
10 Millwood, Henry Millwood, Henry - I20321 Prussia abt 1832 32 Cook’s Mate 06 Aug 1864 London 21 Nov 1864 Adelaide Discharged [6]
11 Claxton, Stephen F Claxton, Stephen F - I20095 Norwich abt 1832 32 Steward Irene 06 Aug 1864 London 06 May 1865 London Discharged [6]
12 Claxton, William Claxton, William - I20096 London abt 1847 16 Steward, 2nd Class Irene 06 Aug 1864 London 21 Nov 1864 Adelaide Discharged [6]
13 Wood, Alfred Wood, Alfred - I20544 Greenwich abt 1827 37 Steward, 2nd Class Orient 06 Aug 1864 London 21 Nov 1864 Adelaide Discharged [6]
14 Hopkins, W Hopkins, W - I20236 Croydon abt 1842 22 Cuddy Servant 06 Aug 1864 London 28 Dec 1864 Adelaide Deserted [6]
15 Driver, E Driver, E - I20141 London abt 1842 22 Stock-keeper 06 Aug 1864 London 28 Dec 1864 Adelaide Deserted [6]
16 Brown, Joseph Brown, Joseph - I20060 Middlesex abt 1829 35 Stock-keeper 06 Aug 1864 London 04 May 1865 London Discharged [6]
17 Giles, Richard Giles, Richard - I20182 Truro abt 1840 24 AB Mary 06 Aug 1864 London 04 May 1865 London Discharged [6]
18 Rickards, John Rickards, John - I20403 Truro abt 1836 28 AB Faith 06 Aug 1864 London 04 May 1865 London Discharged [6]
19 Land, W Land, W - I20273 Sweden abt 1838 26 AB Arab Steed 06 Aug 1864 London 04 May 1865 London Discharged [6]
20 Holdersen, Edwd Holdersen, Edwd - I20233 Norway abt 1833 31 AB Arab Steed 06 Aug 1864 London 04 May 1865 London Discharged [6]
21 Cornell, Alfred Cornell, Alfred - I20111 Romford abt 1844 21 AB Chaudiere 06 Aug 1864 London 04 May 1865 London Discharged [6]
22 Wilcox, John Wilcox, John - I20535 Brixlington abt 1842 22 AB London 06 Aug 1864 London 04 May 1865 London Discharged [6]
23 Matthew, James Matthew, James - I20303 Truro abt 1839 25 AB Cherry 06 Aug 1864 London 21 Nov 1864 Adelaide Discharged [6]
24 Quested, Henry Quested, Henry - I20386 Margate abt 1829 35 AB Irene 06 Aug 1864 London 21 Nov 1864 Adelaide Discharged [6]
25 Head, Robert Head, Robert - I20220 Portsmouth abt 1831 33 AB Irene 06 Aug 1864 London 21 Nov 1864 Adelaide Discharged [6]
26 Gover, Charles Gover, Charles - I20197 Poole abt 1832 32 AB Rosina 06 Aug 1864 London 21 Nov 1864 Adelaide Discharged [6]
27 Anderson, John Anderson, John - I20007 Norway abt 1835 29 AB Harwich 06 Aug 1864 London 21 Nov 1864 Adelaide Discharged [6]
28 London, Edward London, Edward - I20286 Leith abt 1829 35 AB Coniston 06 Aug 1864 London 21 Nov 1864 Adelaide Discharged [6]
29 Ludwig, George Ludwig, George - I20289 Hamburg abt 1837 27 AB Coniston 06 Aug 1864 London 21 Nov 1864 Adelaide Discharged [6]
30 Rande, Jose Rande, Jose - I20389 Denmark abt 1836 28 AB Coniston 06 Aug 1864 London 21 Nov 1864 Adelaide Discharged [6]
31 Ellis, John A Ellis, John A - I20154 Deptford abt 1844 20 AB Gosforth 06 Aug 1864 London 21 Nov 1864 Adelaide Discharged [6]
32 Waltham, John Waltham, John - I20519 London abt 1835 29 AB John Norman 06 Aug 1864 London Signed on, but did not join [6]
33 Forwood, W W Forwood, Walter Weech - I20165 London abt 1846 18 Boy Renown 06 Aug 1864 London 21 Nov 1864 Adelaide Discharged [6]
34 Pink, George Pink, George - I20380 London abt 1844 20 Boy 06 Aug 1864 London 21 Nov 1864 Adelaide Discharged [6]
35 Bruce, Alexander Bruce, Alexander - I2007 Perth 1848 17 Apprentice Indentured 02 Jul 1863 London Remains [6]
36 Poole, Alfred Poole, Alfred - I20381 Hackney abt 1847 17 Apprentice Indentured 30 Jul 1864 London Remains [6]
37 Patlock, Paul Patlock, Paul - I20367 Maidstone abt 1849 15 Apprentice Indentured 03 Aug 1864 London Remains [6]
38 Baskwald, William Baskwald, William - I20022 Albrighton abt 1849 15 Apprentice Indentured 03 Aug 1864 London Remains [6]
39 Robinson, Fredk Wm Robinson, Fredk Wm - I20415 Cape Town 1850 abt 14 Apprentice Indentured 03 Aug 1864 London Remains [6]


Cargo List

The following is a list of the cargo on the voyage identified by the importers.[7]


Importer Goods
Order 100 tons coal
F. Clark and Sons 30 hhds.
Elder, Smith & Co. 410 deals
Heriot, Fullarton & Co. 621 pkgs
Hamilton Brothers 2 cases
R. Dodgson 3 cases
W. Younghusband, Jun. & Co. 400 kegs
Harrold Brothers 17 bales
Order 50 cases
Order 1 case
D. and J. Fowler 212 bdls., 10 bales
W. Younghusband, Jun. & Co. 20 cases
Order 8 cases
Order 44 pkgs.
S. Mayfield and Son 1 case
C.G. Ives 1 case
Order 50 cases
W. Rhodes 4 casks
J. Sugg 20 drums
Order 1 case
Acraman, Maine, Lindsay, and Co. 1 case
Order 2 cases
F. Davison 1 case
J. Relnu, & Co. 55 cases
J. Hill 14 cases
E & W. Hackett 2 casks
Elder, Smith & Co. 222 casks, 7 bales
Order 1 case
J. Newman and Son 1 case
Abrahams and Co. 37 bales, 10 cases
J. Witkowski 7 bales
W. Schultz 13 pkgs.
Order 15 pkgs.
Philip Levi & Co. 1,151 pkgs.
G. and R. Wills and Co. 100 casks
Officer Administering Government 537 pkgs.
Order 1 box
Order 197 pkgs
A.M. Bickford 3 casks
Order 1 case
J.T. Church and Co. 8 pkgs.
W.D. Allott 5 pkgs.
Order 21 pkgs.
W. Goddard 40 pkgs.
Hunter and Stevenson 5 cases
J. Hart and Co. 50 bales
Order 5 puncheons, 15 bales, 100 cases, 60 pkgs.
J.A. Holden and Co. 2 puncheons
Giles and Smith 40 casks
Philip Levi and Co. 500 cases
L. Glyde 1 case
F. Hasluck 216 pkgs.
Order 4 cases
Hull and Sons 10 bales
S. Hart 5 pkgs.
M. Fooks 1 case
Order 1 case., 35 pkgs
Vardy 1 case
Martin and Sach 60 cases
W.C. Buik 6 hhds
Chappell and Gundry 3 cases
C. Platts 3 pkgs.
G. Philips and Co. 2 cases
Order 10 trunks
G. Wilcox 636 pkgs.
H.G. Wilcox 42 pkgs.
J. Stacey and Sons 21 trunks
A. Scott 6 pkgs.
Manager South Australian Bank 25 boxes
D. and W. Murray 9 pkgs.
Goode Brothers 41 pkgs.
McArthur, Kingsborough, and Co. 24 pkgs.
Harrold Brothers 4,160 pkgs.
J. Hodgekiss and Co. 9 pkgs.
J. Robin and Co. 18 pkgs.
J. H. Kaines 118 pkgs.
P. Sharp 20 cases
Order 50 chests
J. Holman 1 case
G. and R. Wills and Co. 58 pkgs.
Temple and Morey 2 cases
Heriot, Fullarton and Co. 3 pkgs.
D. and J. Fowler 1,369 pkgs.
C. Gooch and Son 22 pkgs.
Manager South Australian Bank 10 pkgs.
E. Spicer 7 pkgs.
J. Skelton and Co. 7 pkgs.
J. Colton and Co. 33 pkgs.
Maine and Geyer 15 pkgs.
T.O. Jones 6 trunks
M. Brandon 6 trunks
W.C. Uren 6 trunks
A. Jaffrey 4 cases
F.J. Beck and Co. 412 bdls.
P. Falk and Co. 2 cases
A. Macgeorge 2 cases
E. Suter 18 trunks
T.O. Jones 15 pkgs
T. Reynolds 1 case
F. Clarke and Sons 50 casks
Order. 4 cases, 36 pkgs., 9 casks


References

  1. "Advertising.". The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 9 November 1864. p. 1. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  2. "SHIPPING NEWS.". The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 16 November 1864. p. 2. Retrieved 7 December 2013. 
  3. "SHIPPING NEWS.". The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 8 November 1864. p. 2. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  4. "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE.". South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 8 November 1864. p. 2. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  5. "Advertising.". The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 9 November 1864. p. 1. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 6.22 6.23 6.24 6.25 6.26 6.27 6.28 6.29 6.30 6.31 6.32 6.33 6.34 6.35 6.36 6.37 6.38 Crew List is held by the Maritime History Archive, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada
  7. "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE.". South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839-1900) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 8 November 1864. p. 2. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 


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