Timeline

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Voyages
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1860 —
1870 —
1880 —
1890 —
Am. Civil War ends
Clipper launched
South Australian Trade
Collier
North Atlantic Timber Trade
Year Date
1802 South Australian coastline mapped by Matthew Flinders and Nicolas Baudin.
(Circa): Unofficial settlement of Kangaroo Island by sealers.
1830 Captain Charles Sturt travels to the mouth of the Murray River in a whale boat.
1836 Site for Adelaide chosen by Colonel William Light beside the River Torrens.
1837 Colonel Light completes survey of Adelaide and designs the city's grid layout. Allotments of one acre are made.
1838 The first Australian police force is formed in Adelaide, the South Australia Police.
First German immigrants arrive and settle in Adelaide and surrounds.
1839 The first road in South Australia, Port Road is opened.
Edward John Eyre begins his explorations of the Flinders Ranges and beyond.
1840 The first portion of Government House is completed, becoming the first in Australia.
31 Oct 1840 The Corporation of Adelaide is founded as the first municipal authority in Australia. The first local government in Australia was formed on 31 October 1840 with the election of a Mayor, three Aldermen and fifteen Councillors to the new Adelaide Corporation. This followed a petition from the residents (totalling around 2000) for the "rights and privileges" of their own Council.
All 26 survivors of the shipwreck Maria are murdered by Aboriginals in mysterious circumstances along the Coorong.
1842 Copper is discovered at Kapunda.
1844 The colonial Government takes control of the Corporation of Adelaide.
1845 Copper is discovered at Burra.
1848 11 Mar 1848 The Savings Bank of South Australia, began trading with the first depositor by a Seikh shepherd of his life savings of 29 pounds.
1850 The forerunner to Harris Scarfe, G. P. Harris and J. C. Lanyon, opened on Hindley Street.
1852 The Corporation of Adelaide is reconstituted. First transport of gold overland arrived in Adelaide.
1854 The township of Port Augusta at the head of Spencer Gulf is surveyed.
1856 The South Australian Institute, from which the State Library, State Museum and Art Gallery derived, is founded.
First telegraph line and steam railway between Adelaide and Port Adelaide opened.
South Australia becomes one of the first places in the world to enact the Secret Ballot.
Holden begins business as J.A Holden and Co, saddlery business, Adelaide, South Australia
1858 The first edition of The Advertiser newspaper is published.
1859 Shipwreck of SS Admella off Carpenter Rocks in the South East. 89 dead. Worst South Australian maritime disaster to this day.
1861 Copper discovered at Moonta, on the Yorke Peninsula.
Explorers Burke and Wills disappear exploring the outback trying to find a route from Melbourne to northern coast.
4 Mar 1861 Abraham Lincoln is sworn in as 16th President of the United States of America.
12 Apr 1861 At 4:30 a.m. Confederates under Gen. Pierre Beauregard open fire with 50 cannons upon Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The American Civil War begins.
1862 South Australian John McDouall Stuart finally gets to the northern coast of Australia from Adelaide to form a route to lay the foundation for Todd's overland telegraph line.
1864 17 Feb 1864 The Confederate submarine Hunley torpedoes the USS Housatonic, becoming the first submarine to sink an enemy ship. The submarine and her crew of 8 are also lost.
7 May 1864 The City of Adelaide is launched at the yard of William Pile Jr, Sunderland, for Messrs. Devitt and Moore, London. Assigned the official British Reg. No. 50036 and signal WGLQ.
Tolstoy writes "War and Peace"
1864-1867 The City of Adelaide is under the command of Captain David Bruce.
6 Aug 1864 City of Adelaide departs London
12 Aug 1864 City of Adelaide departs Plymouth on its maiden voyage to Australia with Tom Cox Bray, Sarah Ann Bray and Matilda Methuen aboard. Matilda Methuen is travelling to Adelaide expressly to marry Peter Waite.
7 Nov 1864 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide.
21 Nov 1864 Exactly two weeks after arriving, maiden voyage passenger Matilda Methuen marries Peter Waite at the Woodville home of their fellow Scotsman, pastoralist Robert Barr Smith.
1865 Bank of Adelaide founded.
Bushranger 'Mad Dog' Daniel Morgan killed; bushranger Ben Hall killed.
20 Jan 1865 City of Adelaide departs Adelaide
14 Apr 1865 President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's theater.
3 May 1865 City of Adelaide arrives London
26 May 1865 The last fighting of the American Civil War took place when General Kirby Smith surrendered Confederate forces west of the Mississippi.
26 Jul 1865 City of Adelaide departs London with with Mr and Mrs Fotheringham aboard.
12 Oct 1865 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide.
1866 The Italianate Adelaide Town Hall opened.
5 Jan 1866 City of Adelaide departs Adelaide with Sandover family aboard.
13 Apr 1866 City of Adelaide arrives London
27 Jul 1866 City of Adelaide departs London with F.N. Scarfe aboard.
2 Aug 1866 City of Adelaide departs Plymouth.
11 Oct 1866 Arrived in Adelaide from Plymouth in 70 days, pilot to pilot. This was considered the record for the distance which was held together with the Yatala for many years. The Yatala was lost in 1872.
27 Dec 1866 City of Adelaide departs Adelaide with Frederick William Bullock aboard.
1867 10 Apr 1867 City of Adelaide arrives London.
1867-1873 The City of Adelaide is under the command of Captain John Bruce.
25 Jul 1867 City of Adelaide departs London with F.A. Edelstone , the Brewster family, and the Sandover family, including Alfred Sandover of Sandover Medal fame, aboard.
12 Oct 1867 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide
17 Dec 1867 City of Adelaide departs Adelaide with Goyder family aboard.
1868 End of convict transportation to Australia with final tally of some 160,000 convicts since the First Fleet in 1788, most of whom stayed in Australia as were not given the means to return to England after the term of imprisonment was over.
7 Apr 1868 City of Adelaide arrives London
29 Jun 1868 City of Adelaide departs London.
23 Sep 1868 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide
9 Nov 1868 City of Adelaide departs Adelaide
1869 The City Market (later Central) opened on Grote Street.
Suez Canal opens.
26 Feb 1869 City of Adelaide arrives London
13 May 1869 City of Adelaide departs London with His Excellency F.W. Weld the Governor of Western Australia along with his family of six together with seven servants. James Moorehouse is also aboard.
31 Jul 1869 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide.
3 Nov 1869 City of Adelaide departs Adelaide.
22 Nov 1869 The clipper ship Cutty Sark was launched from Scott and Linton's shipyard at Dumbarton.
1870 16 Mar 1870 City of Adelaide arrives London.
Bushranger Capt Thunderbolt shot by troopers.
1870's, the boom era of the paddle steamers transporting wool from Darling- Murrumbidgee as far north as Qld border to Echuca on the Murray River which became Australia's largest inland port and 2nd largest port only to Melbourne as it was the closest the Murray came to Melbourne and the Melbourne-Echuca railroad was the 1st to connect a coastal port with the inland wool industry.
Jules Verne's "20,000 leagues under the sea", Tchaikovsky's "Romeo and Juliet" and Wagner's "Die Walkure" are written.
24 May 1870 City of Adelaide departs London with Goyder family aboard.
18 Aug 1870 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide.
George Henry Michell sets up a wool-scouring operation in the tiny South Australian township of Undalya and persuading local wool growers to sell him their wool direct.
18 Nov 1870 City of Adelaide departs Adelaide.
1871 6 Mar 1871 City of Adelaide arrives London.
Prince Otto von Bismarck of Prussia, determined to remove Austrian influence, won several wars and in 1867, created a north German confederation which after winning a war against France in 1870, united with the south German confederation to form a united Germany in 1871.
2 Jun 1871 City of Adelaide departs London with Melville Miller and his niece Janet Davidson (Wigg) aboard.
20 Aug 1871 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide.
30 Oct 1871 City of Adelaide departs Adelaide.
1872 25 Jan 1872 City of Adelaide arrives London.
Todd's overland telegraph line laid from Adelaide to the north coast and for the first time wire communications with Europe via Java could be achieved. The General Post Office opened. Adelaide became first Australian capital linked to Imperial London with completion of the Overland Telegraph.
27 Mar 1872 The friendly rivalry with Yatala comes to an end when Yatala goes aground near Cape Gris-Nez. Together the Yatala and City of Adelaide held the record for the fastest voyage between Plymouth and Adelaide.
25 Jun 1872 City of Adelaide departs London.
28 Sep 1872 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide.
14 Nov 1872 City of Adelaide departs Adelaide.
1873 First cricket match played at Adelaide Oval.
24 Feb 1873 City of Adelaide arrives London.
1873-1875 The City of Adelaide is under the command of Captain Llewellyn Bowen.
11 Apr 1873 City of Adelaide departs London, Master Llewellyn W E Bowen.
17 Apr 1873 City of Adelaide departs Plymouth with Nancarrow family aboard.
3 Jul 1873 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide
3 Nov 1873 City of Adelaide departs Adelaide
1874 15 Feb 1874 City of Adelaide arrives London
The Adelaide Oval is officially opened.
The University of Adelaide founded.
25 May 1874 City of Adelaide departs London: To sail from the River punctually on the 25th May calling at Plymouth to embark passengers direct for Adelaide. This fine ship, built expressly for the Adelaide trade and noted for her quick passages, has a full Poop fitted with Bathrooms and every other comfort for the accommodation of Cabin Passengers; she also offer a desirable opportunity for a few Second Class and will carry an experienced surgeon.
29 May 1874 City of Adelaide departs Plymouth with James McLauchlan aboard.
24 Aug 1874 Stranded on the Kirkcaldy Beach after 91 days, six miles south of the Semaphore opposite Adelaide. Refloated on September 4 after some of the cargo had been discharged.
16 Nov 1874 City of Adelaide departs Adelaide
1875 21 Mar 1875 City of Adelaide arrives London
1875-1876 The City of Adelaide is under the command of Captain Alexander Bruce.
28 Jun 1875 City of Adelaide departs London
26 Sep 1875 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide
11 Nov 1875 City of Adelaide departs Port Augusta
1876 14 Feb 1876 Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone.
24 Feb 1876 City of Adelaide arrives London
1876-1887 The City of Adelaide is under the command of Captain E.D. Alston late of Devitt and Moore's full-rigged ship Gateside.
26 May 1876 City of Adelaide departs London
18 Aug 1876 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide
31 Oct 1876 City of Adelaide departs Port Augusta
1877 9 Feb 1877 City of Adelaide arrives London
19 Apr 1877 City of Adelaide departs London
25 Jul 1877 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide
31 Oct 1877 City of Adelaide departs Adelaide
1878 7 Mar 1878 City of Adelaide arrives London
21 Apr 1878 City of Adelaide departs London
22 Jul 1878 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide
25 Oct 1878 City of Adelaide departs Adelaide
1879 8 Feb 1879 City of Adelaide arrives London
15 May 1879 City of Adelaide departs London
16 Aug 1879 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide
22 Oct 1879 Thomas Edison invents incandescent light
30 Oct 1879 City of Adelaide departs Adelaide
1880 20 Jan 1880 Bushranger Capt Moonlite's brief career ends in him being hanged in 1880.
5 Feb 1880 City of Adelaide arrives London
1 Apr 1880 City of Adelaide departs London
27 Jun 1880 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide
31 Oct 1880 City of Adelaide departs Port Augusta
11 Nov 1880 Bushranger Ned Kelly hanged for murder of Mounted Constable Thomas Lonigan.
1881 7 Feb 1881 City of Adelaide arrives London
Drought ruins thousands of farmers on marginal land in the Mid North and Goyder's Line is recognised as the limit to agricultural settlement.
5 May 1881 City of Adelaide departs London
18 June 1881 The Art Gallery of South Australia opened by Princes Albert Victor and George Frederick (later King George V).
23 July 1881 Coopers Brewery brews its first ale in its newly established premises in Adelaide.
26 Jul 1881 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide
29 Oct 1881 City of Adelaide departs Port Augusta
1882 16 Feb 1882 City of Adelaide arrives London
First water-borne sewerage service in Australia commencedin Adelaide.
9 May 1882 City of Adelaide departs London
6 Aug 1882 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide
20 Aug 1882 Debut of Tchaikovsky's "1812 Overture"
30 Oct 1882 City of Adelaide departs Port Augusta
1883 14 Feb 1883 City of Adelaide arrives London
20 Apr 1883 City of Adelaide departs London
27 Jul 1883 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide
21 Oct 1883 City of Adelaide departs Port Augusta
1884 30 Jan 1884 City of Adelaide arrives London
Largs Bay Fort opens.
28 Apr 1884 City of Adelaide departs London
10 Aug 1884 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide
4 Oct 1884 City of Adelaide departs Port Augusta
1885 27 Jan 1885 City of Adelaide arrives London
The Adelaide Arcade opens.
16 Mar 1885 City of Adelaide departs London
20 Jun 1885 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide
10 Oct 1885 City of Adelaide departs Port Augusta
1886 18 Jan 1886 City of Adelaide arrives London
16 Mar 1886 City of Adelaide departs London
18 Jun 1886 City of Adelaide arrives Adelaide
26 Nov 1886 City of Adelaide departs Port Augusta
1887 23 Feb 1887 City of Adelaide arrives London
Stock Exchange of Adelaide forms.
1887 The City of Adelaide is laid up.
1887 The City of Adelaide was sold to Dover coal merchant Charles Mowll in 1887.
1887 - 1889 During 1887, she spent some time laid up and worked for a while as a collier between Tyne and Dover in England
14 Jun 1887 London to South Shields
9 Jul 1887 South Shields to Dobay
11 Nov 1887 South Shields to Dobay
1888 The City of Adelaide was transferred to Daniel and Thomas S. Dixon of Belfast who re-rigged her as a barque and set her to work on the North Atlantic Timber Trade runs.
1 Jun 1888 Patrick Crengle was appointed master of the City of Adelaide in London.
4 Jun 1888 Dover to Chatham, New Brunswick
3 Jul 1888 Chatham [3 July 1888]
14 Jul 1888 Chatham to Belfast
At some stage in 1888 command of the City of Adelaide passes to Captain John Gibson McMurtry.
18 Sep 1888 Belfast to Dalhousie, New Brunswick
27 Oct 1888 Dalhousie to Liverpool [27 October 1888]
9 Nov 1888 Liverpool to Tybee
Tybee to Halifax, Nova Scotia
1889 16 Feb 1889 Halifax, Nova Scotia to Bristol
11 Apr 1889 Bristol to Miramichi [17 May 1889]
24 Jun 1889 Miramichi to Belfast [24 June 1889]
29 Jun 1889 Belfast to Miramichi
Jul 1889 Miramichi to Newcastle, New Brunswick
6 Aug 1889 Newcastle, New Brunswick to Belfast
31 Aug 1889 Belfast to Miramichi
20 Nov 1889 Miramichi to Dublin [20 November 1889]
Dublin to Algoa Bay
23 Dec 1889 Algoa Bay to Barry [23 December 1889]
Barry to Port Elizabeth
1890 28 Mar 1890 Port Elizabeth to Guam
Guam to Newcastle, New Brunswick
14 Jun 1890 Newcastle, New Brunswick to Belfast
14 Jul 1890 Belfast to Newcastle, New Brunswick
28 Aug 1890 Newcastle, New Brunswick to Belfast
1891 9 Apr 1891 Belfast to Miramichi [38 May 1891]
28 May 1891 Miramichi to Belfast [24 June 1891]
3 Jul 1891 Belfast to Miramichi
10 Aug 1891 Miramichi to Belfast
1 Sep 1891 John Brown was appointed master of the City of Adelaide - his first command, and stayed with her until at least April of 1893.
3 Nov 1891 Belfast to Liverpool
26 Nov 1891 Miramichi to Liverpool [26 November 1891]
1892 4 Jan 1892 Garston to Belfast
9 Apr 1892 Belfast to Miramichi [9 May 1892]
25 May 1892 Miramichi to Belfast
29 Jun 1892 Belfast to Miramichi
5 Aug 1892 Miramichi to Belfast
8 Sep 1892 Belfast to Miramichi
18 Oct 1892 Miramichi to Belfast
1893 31 Jan 1893 Belfast to Ayr
6 Apr 1893 Alexander Percy appointed master of the City of Adelaide at Ayr. He remained with her only a few months until she ceased her sailing days at the end of August that same year. Alexander Percy died aboard the Lord Templemore when she sank some time later.
10 Apr 1893 Ayr to Miramichi [8 May 1893]
23 May 1893 Miramichi to Belfast
19 Jun 1893 Belfast to Miramichi
21 Jul 1893 Miramichi to Bowling
8 Sep 1893 Alexander Young was appointed master of the City of Adelaide but only that of a vessel under tow. He was in command of her when she was towed from Glasgow on the 9th September 1893, reaching Southampton on the 15th, where she remained for some years as a Hospital ship.
9 Sep 1893 City of Adelaide leaves Glasgow under tow to Southampton.
15 Sep 1893 City of Adelaide arrives in Southampton after being towed from Glasgow.

She has been bought by the Southampton Corporation for £1750 to be converted to an isolation hospital and moored in the Rivert Test, off Millbrook.
1894 The world's second Act granting women suffrage passed in Parliament House on North Terrace, Adelaide.
1896 Moving pictures shown for first time in South Australia at Theatre Royal on Hindley Street.
1899 South Australian contingent leaves Adelaide for the Second Boer War.
1900 First electricity station opened in South Australia at Grenfell Street.
1901 Adelaide became a state capital upon the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January. The Duke and Duchess of York visit.
1904 State Flag of South Australia is officially adopted.
1908 Adelaide's Outer Harbor opens.
1919 Adelaide awarded official city status and Mayor became Lord Mayor.
1923 Sold to the Admiralty for £ 2500 and renamed HMS Carrick and moved to Irvine in the Firth of Clyde to be converted to a training ship for the Clyde Division of the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve.
1925 May 1925 Moved to Greenock and commissioned as a Naval Drill Ship.
1947 When they deemed her past her usefulness as a drill ship, the Admiralty presented her to the R.N.V.R. (Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve) Club (Scotland) who used her as a meeting room/club rooms for some time. (Image shows the City of Adelaide under tow in 1948.)
1978 Deck is caught under wharf on a rising tide and City of Adelaide is partialy flooded.
1984 Being used as clubrooms by the RNVR Club.
1989 Being used as clubrooms by the RNVR Club. (Photo courtesy of Gordon Hardy)
1990 After nearly 70 years in the employ of the Admiralty and various spin-offs thereof, she was sold by the R.N.V.R. Club to the Clyde Ship Trust for £1. At this time, she was still at Glasgow Customs House Quay where she had been since May, 1949.
1991 Sank at moorings in Firth of Clyde, Scotland.
1992 She was identified as part of the National [U.K.] Historic Ships Core Collection and was given an 'A' class heritage listing. At that time, she was the only 19th century sailing ship which was still capable of floating. The City is the only sailing ship on the core list.
She then became the property of the Scottish National Maritime Museum, after the Clyde Ship Trust was dissolved. They undertook to make restorations to the City of Adelaide, and moved her to her present location, which is a slipway at Irvine, Scotland. Over the next few years, some restoration work was carried out. But now there is a desperate fight to save her from destruction because of the lack of funds to maintain the restoration program.
1999 The cost of repairing the ship, the on-going cost of site rental and other overheads have forced the Scottish Maritime Museum to justify the costs and as a result an appeal to raise funds was started in Scotland.
2000 In an attempt to raise funds, the Scottish Maritime Museum offered the City of Adelaide for sale to various historical shipping organisations and museums throughout the world, without a single offer being received.
24 May 2000 On 24 May, the Trustees of the Scottish Maritime Museum applied to the North Ayrshire Council to have her 'A' class heritage listing removed to allow them to demolish her.
18 July 2000 An action group is set up in Adelaide with a view to obtaining the ship and returning it to South Australia for restoration. This group includes the great-granddaughter of the first master, the great-grandson of an 1874 passenger, and others who ardently believe that this part of our heritage should be preserved at all cost.
23 Aug 2000 A hearing to determine whether permission will be granted to demolish the is set to be heard on 23 August in Glasgow. If successful, then the world's only remaining passenger clipper ship will cease to exist.
2001 26 Feb 2001 North Ayrshire Council refused the demolition.
19 Sep 2001 HRH the Duke of Edinburgh convened a conference in Glasgow to discuss the future of the City of Adelaide. The conference was chaired by Admiral of the Fleet Sir Julian Oswald, GCB. Conference was attended by Adelaide Action Group.
Conference outcomes:
  • The vessel must be saved.
  • Urgently need to move the vessel from present location in Irvine due to site costs.
  • Two groups have claims - Sunderland, UK, and Adelaide, SA. First group with viable restoration plan may take ownership.
  • Maritime Trust will fund refloating and delivery to transportation barge.
2003 mid-2003 Mike Edwards, a founding director of Travelsphere Limited, came up with an ambitious restoration plan for the City of Adelaide. Mr. Edwards wanted to restore the City of Adelaide to modern sea-going passenger standards and commissioned a feasibility study and funded protective works to the vessel, including erecting a canopy over the ship as protection from the elements. It did not stop there. Mr. Edwards’ donation also contributed towards some of the Maritime Museum's existing slipway costs. In exchange for his donation, the Museum’s Trustees gave Mr. Edwards first right of refusal to acquire the vessel. With a first right of refusal being granted, the campaigning of the South Australian and Sunderland Groups was stopped.
2005 The owners of the slipway have long wanted the clipper removed from their slipway and in 2005 terminated the Scottish Maritime Museum’s lease.
2006 The consultants report determined that whilst theoretically possible to restore the City of Adelaide to sailing and passenger carrying standards, it would be less expensive to build a replica from new. The consultant’s report concluded that restoration of the City of Adelaide for non sea-going use is a far more practical and logical project and provide a location for use as museum, conference centre and corporate presence. After the consultant’s conclusions became available in 2006 Mr. Edwards advised that he would not be taking his option of acquiring City of Adelaide. Mr. Edwards charitable efforts extended a life-line to the City of Adelaide that ultimately gave her another three years of reprieve.
11 May 2006 The Scottish Maritime Museum, faced with needing to remove the clipper from the slipway but no funding to do so, again applies to the North Ayshire council to demolish the ship.
2007 18 Apr 2007 On World Heritage Day, the North Ayrshire Council advises they have approved, with conditions, the deconstruction of the City of Adelaide.

With the City of Adelaide gone, the Cutty Sark will become the world's sole surviving clipper ship.
1 May 2007 Save the Clipper Ship City of Adelaide Action Group reconvenes.
21 May 2007 At approx 4.45am a devastating fire swept through the Cutty Sark. The fire was extinguished by the London Fire Brigade at 6.28am. If the the Cutty Sark cannot be resurrected, and the 18 Apr 2007 decision to deconstruct the City of Adelaide proceeds, the world will have lost its last two remaining clipper ships.
6 Jul 2007 Petitions to the Australian Senate and the South Australian House of Assembly are established on-line.
2008 6 Apr 2008 This website is published.

References