Voyage to Adelaide in 1874

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'City of Adelaide' aground on Kirkcaldy beach near Semaphore, Adelaide, 1874
'City of Adelaide' aground on Kirkcaldy beach near Semaphore, Adelaide, 1874.
Voyage to Adelaide in 1874
Under command of Captain Llewellyn Bowen
Departure port London
Departure date 29th May 1874
Arrival port Semaphore
Arrival date 24th August 1874
Voyage duration 86 days
Port of Call
Port of call Plymouth
Arrival 4th June 1874
Departure 6th June 1874

In June of 1874 the 'City' again left London bound for South Australia. At 3am on the 24th August 1874 the City of Adelaide anchored off Kirkcaldy Beach. Later in the morning she became stranded during a storm and dragged on her anchor. Some cargo was taken off, and she was re-floated and moved around to Port Adelaide where the passengers disembarked safely.

Passenger List

Three main sources have been used for determining the names of passengers on the 1874 voyage:

  1. List of Emigrants embarked on board the City of Adelaide from Plymouth - June 1874[1] - this does not show any Cabin Passengers (i.e. First Class passengers).
  2. Certificate of Arrival[1] - this appears to only cover those passengers whose passage was sponsored by the South Australian Government.
  3. South Australian Register[2] - a newspaper article dated the day after arrival which lists all passengers.

There were noted discrepancies between the newspaper article and the other two sources.

When the City of Adelaide left Plymouth, we believe that there were at least 282 pasengers on board comprised of 28 full-fee paying passengers, and 254 assisted-migrants. The official tallies suggests that there were 257 emmigrants on board.

The South Australian Register report[2] also lists three additional passengers that were not in the official lists. Ann Gurry, 17, and John Eths, 23 were listed in the newspaper as arriving in South Australia, and Alinda Phillips, 5, was listed amongst those that died. These three are included in our tally of 254 passengers but may not have been included in the official tally of 257 souls. There may be another three or six passengers unaccounted for.


List of Emigrants

The official tally of assisted migrants on the City of Adelaide signed by Thomas F Smith - Despatching Officer, showed 257 souls (equivalent to 222 statute adults) and was summarised as follows:

Category No
Married men 34
Married women 34
Single men 75
Single women 52
Boys between 1 & 12 y.o. 20
Girls between 1 and 12 y.o. 34
Infants under 1 y.o. 8
Total 257


The List also gave the following breakdown of the types of fares for these 257 migrants:

Passage English Scottish Irish 'Foreigners' Total
Colonial Passage Certificate (CPC) holders 54 23 31 2 100
Full Paid Colonial Passage Certificate holders 4 4
UK Assisted Passage (UKAP) 83 23 19 3 128
UK full paid 4 4
UK free passage (the Matron) 1 1
Totals 146 46 60 5 257


The List of Emigrants also shows eight 'Devitt and Moore' passengers shown but does not include the first class passengers such as, for example, the Campbell, Mackenzie, and Wilcox families. These eight 'Devitt and Moore' passengers might be the eight shown as being full fare paying in the List of Emigrants. However, we already have 254 out of the 257 migrants accounted for without including these eight.

The newspaper report[2] lists the Dunk Family as being Cabin Passengers but does not list the other five 'Devitt and Moore Passengers'. The newspaper report also infers that infant Ada Dunk was amongst the arrivals at Port Adelaide, although it is certain that she died during the voyage. As 21 year old Arthur Dunk has his trade listed as a builder, it seems unlikely they the Dunk Family were in the First Class Saloon.


We assume that the eight passengers titled 'Devitt and Moore Passengers' were emigrants who travelled steerage class and paid their own way and were not included in the official lists.

Certificate of Arrival

The Certificate of Arrival[1] signed by L Bowen. summarises the following passenger numbers:


Category No
Adults embarked 195
Children under 14 embarked 54
Children under 1 embarked 8
Sub-Total 257
One male child born on voyage 1
Adults died -3
Children under 14 died -2
Infants died -1
Total landed in Adelaide 252


It therefore seems likely that we are missing three or six passenger names. The passengers below are listed with their age and occupation and any classification/notes information found on the actual certificate lists.


Cabin Passengers

No. Name in Newspaper /
on Passenger List
Individual
Wiki (GEDCOM) Page
Family/Household
Wiki (GEDCOM) Page
Cabin Class Birth Date Age Comment Ref.
1 Campbell, Dr. Campbell, W. M. Campbell Family First Class (Saloon)
2 Campbell, Mrs. Campbell, Campbell Family First Class (Saloon)
3 Campbell, Miss Campbell, Campbell Family First Class (Saloon)
4 Campbell, Miss Campbell, Campbell Family First Class (Saloon)
5 Inman, Miss Inman, Miss First Class (Saloon)
6 Mackenzie, Lieutenant Mackenzie, Mackenzie Family First Class (Saloon)
7 Mackenzie, Mrs. Mackenzie, Mackenzie Family First Class (Saloon)
8 Mackenzie, Child Mackenzie, Mackenzie Family First Class (Saloon)
9 Mackenzie, Nurse of Unknown Mackenzie Family First Class (Saloon)
10 Millard, Mr. Millard, Mr. First Class (Saloon)
11 Mitchell, Mr. Jas. Mitchell, Mr. Jas. First Class (Saloon)
12 Nash, Miss Nash, Miss First Class (Saloon)
13 Rogers, Mrs. Rogers, Mrs. First Class (Saloon)
14 Wilcox, Mrs. Geo. Fuller, Annie Caldicot - I6 Wilcox Family - F43 First Class (Saloon) Abt May 1840
15 Wilcox, Child Wilcox, Sidney George Wilcox Family - F43 First Class (Saloon) 25 Aug 1866
16 Wilcox, Child Wilcox, Nellie Wilcox Family - F43 First Class (Saloon) 24 Dec 1867
17 Wilcox, Child Wilcox, George Seaborn - I1032 Wilcox Family - F43 First Class (Saloon) 20 Jan 1873
18 Wilcox, Child Wilcox, Edith Wilcox Family - F43 First Class (Saloon) 12 May 1865



Devitt & Moore Passengers

No. Name in Newspaper /
on Passenger List
Individual
Wiki (GEDCOM) Page
Family/Household
Wiki (GEDCOM) Page
Cabin Class Birth Date Age Trade Comment Ref.
19 Dunk, Arthur Dunk, Arthur Dunk Family Steerage abt 1852-53 21 builder Newspaper shows Dunks as cabin passengers
20 Dunk, Ada Dunk, Ada Dunk Family Steerage abt 1851-52 22 Newspaper shows Dunks as cabin passengers
21 Dunk, Ada Dunk, Ada Dunk Family Steerage 1873 infant entry is crossed out with died written faintly in the column
22 Thompson, Andrew Thompson, Andrew Steerage abt 1851-52 22 Draper
23 Willis, Matilda Willis, Matilda Steerage abt 1817-18 56
24 Goward, Maria Goward, Maria Steerage abt 1833-34 40
25 Wilson, Matthew Wilson, Matthew Wilson Family Steerage abt 1850-51 23
26 Wilson, David Wilson, David Wilson Family Steerage abt 1863-64 10

Assisted Migrants

Embarked at London

No. Name in Newspaper /
on Passenger List
Individual
Wiki (GEDCOM) Page
Family/Household
Wiki (GEDCOM) Page
Cabin Class Birth Date Age Trade Passage Comment Ref.


27 Arnold, Joseph Arnold, Joseph Arnold Family Steerage abt 1868-69 33 policeman ukap
28 Arnold, Jane Arnold, Jane Arnold Family Steerage abt 1844-45 29 ukap
29 Arnold, Joseph/Jouple Arnold, Joseph Arnold Family Steerage abt 1840-41 5 ukap South Australian Register 25 August 1874 shows name 'Jouple'
30 Arthur, James Arthur, James Arthur Family - F265 Steerage abt 1865-66 35 blacksmith cpc
31 Arthur, Ellen Arthur, Ellen Arthur Family - F265 Steerage abt 1867-68 35 cpc
32 Arthur, Jane Arthur, Jane Arthur Family - F265 Steerage abt 1864-65 9 cpc
33 Arthur, James Arthur, James Arthur Family - F265 Steerage abt 1838-39 8 cpc
34 Arthur, Ellen Arthur, Ellen Arthur Family - F265 Steerage abt 1838-39 6 cpc
35 Arthur, Elizabeth/Edith Arthur, Elizabeth Arthur Family - F265 Steerage abt 1869-70 4 cpc South Australian Register 25 August 1874 shows name 'Edith'
36 Arthur, Mary Arthur, Mary Arthur Family - F265 Steerage abt 1873-74 infant cpc
37 Arthur, Alexander Arthur, Alexander Arthur Family - F265 Steerage abt 1870-71 3 cpc
38 Beswick, Edward Beswick, Edward Beswick Family Steerage abt 1841-42 32 miner ukap
39 Beswick, Jane Beswick, Jane Beswick Family Steerage abt 1842-43 31 ukap
40 Burton, Charles Burton, Charles Burton Family Steerage abt 1837-38 36 smith ukap See Observation 1. below.
41 Burton, Emman Burton, Emman Burton Family Steerage abt 1843-44 30 ukap See Observation 1. below.
42 Cully, Abram Cully, Abram Cully Family Steerage abt 1835-36 38 bricklayer ukap
43 Cully, Rosina Cully, Rosina Cully Family Steerage abt 1841-42 32
44 Edwards, William Edwards, William Edwards Family Steerage abt 1840-41 33 telegraph wireman ukap
45 Edwards, Sophia Edwards, Sophia Edwards Family Steerage abt 1853-54 20
46 Fulton, John Fulton, John Fulton Family Steerage abt 1838-39 35 shoemaker cpc
47 Fulton, Jane Fulton, Jane Fulton Family Steerage abt 1870-71 34 cpc
48 Fulton, Agnes Fulton, Agnes Fulton Family Steerage abt 1862-63 11
49 Fulton, Jane Fulton, Jane Fulton Family Steerage abt 1839-40 3
50 Fulton, Catherine Fulton, Catherine Fulton Family Steerage abt 1873-74 infant
51 Fulton, Mary Fulton, Mary Fulton Family Steerage abt 1870-71 3 South Australian Register 25 August 1874 shows name 'Margaret' aged 1
52 Greenwood, Henry Greenwood, Henry Greenwood Family Steerage abt 1843-44 30 miner ukap
53 Greenwood, Isabella Greenwood, Isabella Greenwood Family Steerage abt 1844-45 29
54 Greenwood, Mary E. Greenwood, Mary E. Greenwood Family Steerage abt 1869-70 4
55 Haaze, Wilhelm Haaze, Wilhelm Haaze Family Steerage abt 1843-44 30 cloth dresser cpc has the word foreigner written on his entry
56 Haaze, Auguste Haaze, Auguste Haaze Family Steerage abt 1844-45 29
57 Haaze, Anna Haaze, Anna Haaze Family Steerage abt 1866-67 7
58 Haaze, Pauline Haaze, Pauline Haaze Family Steerage abt 1870-71 3
59 Morrell, James Morrell, James Morrell Family Steerage abt 1848-49 25 gardener ukap
60 Morrell, Susan Morrell, Susan Morrell Family Steerage abt 1845-46 28
61 Morrell, Annie Morrell, Annie Morrell Family Steerage abt 1870-71 3
62 Morrell, Cecilia Morrell, Cecilia Morrell Family Steerage abt 1871-72 2
63 Morrell, Louis Morrell, Louis Morrell Family Steerage abt 1868-69 5
64 Morrell, Agnes Morrell, Agnes Morrell Family Steerage abt 1873-74 infant
65 Thompson, William H Thompson, William H Thompson Family Steerage abt 1847-48 26 smith ukap
66 Thompson, Emma Thompson, Emma Thompson Family Steerage abt 1846-47 27
67 Thompson, Elizabeth J Thompson, Elizabeth J Thompson Family Steerage abt 1873-74 infant
68 Thomson, Andrew Thomson, Andrew Thomson Family Steerage abt 1847-48 26 miner ukap
69 Thomson, Bertha Thomson, Bertha Thomson Family Steerage abt 1848-49 25
70 Thomson, Elizabeth Thomson, Elizabeth Thomson Family Steerage abt 1867-68 6
71 Thomson, Robert Thomson, Robert Thomson Family Steerage abt 1870-71 3
72 Thomson, Mary Thomson, Mary Thomson Family Steerage 1872 1 entry is crossed out with Died 1 July written faintly
73 Thompson, William Thompson, William Thompson, William Family Steerage abt 1829-30 44 smith
74 Thompson, Ann E Thompson, Ann E Thompson, William Family Steerage abt 1827-28 46
75 Thompson, Elizabeth Thompson, Elizabeth Thompson, William Family Steerage abt 1862-63 11 South Australian Register 25 August 1874 shows name 'Edith'
76 Thompson, Alfred Thompson, Alfred Thompson, William Family Steerage abt 1863-64 10
77 Thompson, Frederick Thompson, Frederick Thompson, William Family Steerage abt 1867-68 6
78 Thompson, Sarah Thompson, Sarah Thompson, William Family Steerage abt 1868-69 5
79 Andrews, W. J. Andrews, W. J. Steerage abt 1859-60 14 gardener ukap
80 Anderson, Stephen Anderson, Stephen Anderson Family Steerage abt 1852-53 21 miner ukap
81 Anderson, James Anderson, James Anderson Family Steerage abt 1851-52 22 miner ukap
82 Bester, George Bester, George Steerage abt 1853-54 20 labourer cpc
83 Barr, Neil Barr, Neil Steerage abt 1847-48 26 miner ukap
84 Cromarty, William Cromarty, William Steerage abt 1851-52 22 baker ukap
85 Frew, Alexander Frew, Alexander Steerage abt 1848-49 25 miner ukap
86 Fairbrother, Henry Fairbrother, Henry Steerage abt 1846-47 27 lath render ukap
87 Frame, James Frame, James Steerage abt 1848-49 25 miner ukap
88 Greenwood, John Greenwood, John Steerage abt 1846-47 27 miner ukap
89 Gravestock, Thomas Gravestock, Thomas Steerage abt 1854-55 19 labourer ukap
90 Knowles, Thomas Knowles, Thomas Steerage abt 1836-37 37 agricultural labourer ukap
91 Kemp, George H Kemp, George H Steerage abt 1855-56 18 agricultural lababourer ukap
92 McLeod, Malcolm McLeod, Malcolm Steerage abt 1849-50 24 miner ukap
93 Middleton, William Middleton, William Steerage abt 1853-54 20 miner ukap
94 McDonald, John McDonald, John Steerage abt 1851-52 22 miner ukap
95 Miller, Hunter Miller, Hunter Steerage abt 1855-56 18 miner ukap
96 McLauchlan, James McLauchlan, James Steerage 5 Nov 1852 21 mechanic the word foreigner is written beside his name
97 Norline, Charles F Norline, Charles F Steerage abt 1850-51 23 wood turner ukap South Australian Register 25 August 1874 shows lastname 'Norling'
98 Pate, Charles Pate, Charles Steerage abt 1854-55 19 milkman akap
99 Preston, Wiliam Preston, Wiliam Steerage abt 1847-48 26 carrier ukap
100 Paulin, Henry P Paulin, Henry P Steerage abt 1849-50 24 jeweller ukap South Australian Register 25 August 1874 shows middle initial 'D'
101 Rae, James Rae, James Steerage abt 1845-46 28 miner ukap
102 Smith, Robert Smith, Robert Steerage abt 1851-52 22 miner ukap
103 Shield, William Shields, William Shields Family - F300 Steerage abt 1854-55 19 miner ukap
104 Shield, Robert Shields, Robert – I568 Shields Family - F300 Steerage abt 1835-36 38 farm labourer ukap
105 Shield, John Shields, John Shields Family - F300 Steerage abt 1860-61 13 farm labourer ukap
106 Smither, Charles F Smither, Charles F Steerage abt 1854-55 19 groom ukap
107 Smith, John F Smith, John F Steerage abt 1856-57 17 chaser ukap
108 Salter, Henry W Salter, Henry W Steerage abt 1853-54 20 labourer ukap
109 Thompson, George W Thompson, George W Thompson Family Steerage abt 1856-57 17 smith ukap
110 Thompson, Jonathon Thompson, Jonathon Thompson Family Steerage abt 1859-60 14 smith ukap
111 Winter, Arthur Winter, Arthur Steerage abt 1856-57 17 butcher ukap
112 Arthur, Margaret Arthur, Margaret Steerage abt 1860-61 13 ukap
113 Blackburn, Mary Blackburn, Mary Steerage abt 1842-43 31 nurse ukap
114 Burton, Isabella Burton, Isabella Steerage abt 1844-45 29 dressmaker ukap See Observation 1. below.
115 Batiste, Anna Batiste, Anna Batiste Family Steerage abt 1811-12 62 nurse ukap
116 Batiste, Minnie Batiste, Minnie Batiste Family Steerage abt 1851-52 22 housemaid ukap
117 Carr, Florence Carr, Florence Steerage abt 1855-56 18 servant ukap
118 Doran, Anna Doran, Anna Steerage abt 1856-57 17 nurse ukap
119 Mason, Elizabeth P Mason, Elizabeth P Steerage abt 1831-32 42 housekeeper ukap
120 Shields, Agnes Shields, Agnes Shields Family - F300 Steerage abt 1813-14 60 ukap
121 Shields, Hannah Shields, Hannah Shields Family - F300 Steerage abt 1843-44 30 farm servant ukap
122 Shields, Agnes Shields, Agnes Shields Family - F300 Steerage abt 1853-54 20 servant ukap
123 Shields, Agnes Shields, Agnes Shields Family - F300 Steerage abt 1859-60 14 servant ukap
124 Shields, Jane Shields, Jane Shields Family - F300 Steerage abt 1862-63 11 ukap
125 Shields, Catherine Shields, Catherine Shields Family - F300 Steerage abt 1864-65 9 ukap
126 Shields, Elizabeth Shields, Elizabeth Shields Family - F300 Steerage abt 1864-65 9 ukap
127 Sneddon, Margaret Sneddon, Margaret Steerage abt 1854-55 19 servant ukap South Australian Register 25 August 1874 shows name 'Mary'
128 Williamson, Barabra Williamson, Barabra Steerage abt 1849-50 24 servant ukap
129 Wood, Kate Wood, Kate Steerage abt 1848-49 25 servant ukap
130 Wale, Charlotte Wale, Charlotte Steerage abt 1833-34 40 matron ukap


Embarked at Plymouth

No. Name in Newspaper /
on Passenger List
Individual
Wiki (GEDCOM) Page
Family/Household
Wiki (GEDCOM) Page
Cabin Class Birth Date Age Trade Passage Comment Ref.
131 Andrew, Henry Andrew, Henry Andrew Family Steerage abt 1853-54 20 miner
132 Andrew, Ann Andrew, Ann Andrew Family Steerage abt 1852-53 21
133 Bryant, John Bryant, John Bryant Family Steerage abt 1851-52 22 gardiner
134 Bryant, Elizabeth Bryant, Elizabeth Bryant Family Steerage abt 1845-46 28 miner
135 Bermetta, William Bermetta, William Bermetta Family Steerage abt 1849-50 24 miner
136 Bermetta, Emma Bermetta, Emma Bermetta Family Steerage abt 1845-46 28
137 Dorrans, Alexander Dorrans, Alexander Dorrans Family Steerage abt 1838-39 35 labourer
138 Dorrans, Sarah Dorrans, Sarah Dorrans Family Steerage abt 1844-45 29
139 Giles, James Giles, James Giles Family Steerage abt 1841-42 32
140 Giles, Fanny Louisa Giles, Fanny Louisa Giles Family Steerage abt 1841-42 32
141 Gurry, Patrick Gurry, Patrick Gurry Family Steerage abt 1841-42 32
142 Gurry, Christina Gurry, Christina Gurry Family Steerage abt 1849-50 24
143 Gurry, Eliza Gurry, Eliza Gurry Family Steerage abt 1873-74 infant
144 Henderson, James Henderson, James Henderson Family Steerage abt 1849-50 24 ploughman
145 Henderson, Letitia Henderson, Letitia Henderson Family Steerage abt 1840-41 33
146 Holley, Thomas Holley, Thomas Holley Family Steerage abt 1830-31 43 artisan
147 Holley, Harriet Holley, Harriet Holley Family Steerage abt 1838-39 35
148 Holley, Minnie Holley, Minnie Holley Family Steerage abt 1862-63 11
149 Holley, Bessie Holley, Bessie Holley Family Steerage abt 1864-65 9
150 Holley, Harry Holley, Harry Holley Family Steerage abt 1867-68 6
151 Holley, Frederick Holley, Frederick Holley Family Steerage abt 1869-70 4
152 Holley, Amelia Holley, Amelia Holley Family Steerage abt 1871-72 2
153 Harman, John Harman, John Harman Family Steerage abt 1811-12 62 labourer
154 Harman, Louisa Harman, Louisa Harman Family Steerage abt 1811-12 62
155 Hocking, John Hocking, John Hocking Family Steerage abt 1852-53 22
156 Hocking, Annie Hocking, Annie Hocking Family Steerage abt 1851-52 22
157 Johnson, Henry Johnson, Henry Johnson Family Steerage abt 1834-35 39
158 Johnson, Sarah Johnson, Sarah Johnson Family Steerage abt 1834-35 39
159 Johnson, Edith Johnson, Edith Johnson Family Steerage abt 1863-64 10
160 Johnson, George Johnson, George Johnson Family Steerage abt 1863-64 10
161 Ladner, John Ladner, John Ladner Family Steerage abt 1851-52 22 miner
162 Ladner, Mary Ladner, Mary Ladner Family Steerage abt 1855-56 18
163 Ladner, Mary A Ladner, Mary A Ladner Family Steerage abt 1873-74 infant
164 Morgan, Thomas Morgan, Thomas Morgan Family Steerage abt 1854-55 19
165 Morgan, Harriet Morgan, Harriet Morgan Family Steerage abt 1853-54 20
166 Morgan, Mary A Morgan, Mary Ann Morgan Family Steerage 1873 infant entry is crossed out and has DEAD and the date 17 June
167 Mitchell, Isaac Mitchell, Isaac Mitchell Family Steerage abt 1851-52 22
168 Mitchell, Elizabeth Mitchell, Elizabeth Mitchell Family Steerage abt 1852-53 21
169 Nankivell, William Nankivell, William Nankivell Family Steerage abt 1839-40 34 labourer
170 Nankivell, Margaret Nankivell, Margaret Nankivell Family Steerage abt 1840-41 33
171 Neylan, Michael Neylan, Michael Neylan Family Steerage abt 1843-44 30 agricultural labourer
172 Neylan, Margaret Neylan, Margaret Neylan Family Steerage abt 1868-69 30
173 Neylan, Thomas Neylan, Thomas Neylan Family Steerage abt 1863-64 10
174 Neylan, Mary Neylan, Mary Neylan Family Steerage abt 1865-66 8
175 Neylan, Margaret Neylan, Margaret Neylan Family Steerage abt 1843-44 5
176 Neylan, Ann Neylan, Ann Neylan Family Steerage abt 1871-72 2
177 Old, William Old, William Old Family Steerage abt 1846-47 27 engineer
178 Old, Emily Old, Emily Old Family Steerage abt 1845-46 28
179 Richards, William Richards, William Richards Family Steerage abt 1844-45 29 mason
180 Richards, Phillis Richards, Phillis Richards Family Steerage abt 1839-40 34
181 Richards, John Richards, John Richards Family Steerage abt 1865-66 8
182 Rose, William Rose, William Rose Family Steerage abt 1869-70 34 bricklayer
183 Rose, Harriet Rose, Harriet Rose Family Steerage abt 1867-68 32
184 Rose, Harriet Rose, Harriet Rose Family Steerage abt 1841-42 6
185 Rose, William Rose, William Rose Family Steerage abt 1839-40 4
186 Rose, Louisa Rose, Louisa Rose Family Steerage abt 1871-72 2
187 Riordan, Patrick Riordan, Patrick Riordan Family Steerage labourer
188 Riordan, Ellen Riordan, Ellen Riordan Family Steerage abt 1849-50 24
189 Riordan, Cornelius Riordan, Cornelius Riordan Family Steerage abt 1871-72 2
190 Williams, Richard Williams, Richard – I748 Williams Family - F19124 Steerage abt 1865-66 30 copper miner
191 Williams, Emily Williams, Emily Williams Family - F19124 Steerage abt 1871-72 34
192 Williams, Mary Williams, Mary Williams Family - F19124 Steerage abt 1862-63 11
193 Williams, Richard Williams, Richard Williams Family - F19124 Steerage abt 1843-44 8
194 Williams, John Williams, John Williams Family - F19124 Steerage abt 1867-68 6
195 Williams, Bessie Williams, Bessie Williams Family - F19124 Steerage abt 1868-69 5
196 Williams, Emily Williams, Emily Williams Family - F19124 Steerage abt 1839-40 2
197 Williams, Jane Williams, Jane Williams Family - F19124 Steerage abt 1873-74 infant
198 Berriman, Richard Berriman, Richard Steerage abt 1852-53 21 miner
199 Broad, Edward Broad, Edward Steerage abt 1854-55 19 cooper
200 Bland, Patrick Bland, Patrick Steerage abt 1839-40 34 labourer
201 Baxter, William Baxter, William Steerage abt 1856-57 17 Stone cutter
202 Buckley, John Buckley, John Steerage abt 1853-54 20 labourer
203 Collins, Martin Collins, Martin Steerage abt 1849-50 24 farm labourer
204 Cowley, James Cowley, James Steerage abt 1845-46 28 labourer
205 Collins, John Collins, John Steerage abt 1853-54 20 farm labourer
206 Comiskey, John Comiskey, John Steerage abt 1846-47 27 labourer
207 Carroll, Michael Carroll, Michael Steerage abt 1857-58 16 labourer
208 Cain, Patrick Cain, Patrick Steerage abt 1856-57 17 labourer
209 Davey, John Davey, John Steerage abt 1848-49 25 miner
210 Doherty, Robert Doherty, Robert Steerage abt 1853-54 20 labourer
211 Eddy, Richard Eddy, Richard Steerage abt 1849-50 24 labourer
212 Eths, John Eths, John Steerage abt 1850-51 23 Name was missing in manifest but found in list in South Australian Register of 25 August 1874
213 Fahy, Michael Fahy, Michael Steerage abt 1856-57 17 labourer
214 Flannery, William Flannery, William Steerage abt 1855-56 18 agricultural labourer
215 Fitzgerald, Patrick Fitzgerald, Patrick Steerage abt 1849-50 24 labourer
216 Fitzpatrick, Michael Fitzpatrick, Michael Steerage abt 1850-51 23 entry is crossed out and died 21 Aug is written alongside
217 Giles, Thomas Giles, Thomas Steerage abt 1853-54 20 tailor
218 Hocking, John Hocking, John Steerage abt 1851-52 21 [entry is difficult to read]
219 Harman, Samuel Harman, Samuel Steerage abt 1850-51 23 labourer
220 Hollywood, Peter Hollywood, Peter Steerage abt 1858-59 15 labourer
221 John, Isaac John, Isaac Steerage abt 1855-56 18 labourer
222 Kerslake, Thomas Kerslake, Thomas Steerage abt 1854-55 19 carpenter
223 Kealy, Thomas Kealy, Thomas Steerage abt 1849-50 24 farm labourer
224 Lahave, Patrick Lahave, Patrick Steerage abt 1848-49 25 farm labourer
225 Maddern, Martin Maddern, Martin Steerage abt 1852-53 21 labourer
226 McCabe, Michael McCabe, Michael Steerage abt 1847-48 26 labourer
227 Mooney, William Mooney, William Steerage abt 1850-51 23 farm labourer
228 Mullins, Michael Mullins, Michael Steerage abt 1855-56 18 labourer
229 Mahony, Jeremiah Mahony, Jeremiah Mahony Family Steerage abt 1855-56 18 labourer
230 Mahony, Laurence Mahony, Laurence Mahony Family Steerage abt 1842-43 31 labourer
231 Mahony, John Mahony, John Mahony Family Steerage abt 1844-45 29 shoemaker
232 O’Donnelly, Patrick O’Donnelly, Patrick Steerage abt 1837-38 36 labourer
233 Quinlan, James Quinlan, James Steerage abt 1858-59 15 servant
234 Sadler, Patrick Sadler, Patrick Steerage abt 1853-54 20 labourer
235 Stevens, William Stevens, William Steerage abt 1849-50 24 miner
236 Searle, William Searle, William Steerage abt 1841-42 32 labourer
237 Uren, Henry Uren, Henry Steerage abt 1852-53 21 miner
238 Willoughby, Bartholomew Willoughby, Bartholomew Steerage abt 1851-52 22 miner
239 Bryant, Johanna Bryant, Johanna Steerage abt 1849-50 24 domestic servant South Australian Register 25 August 1874 shows name 'Juliana'
240 Burge, Eliza Burge, Eliza Steerage abt 1847-48 26 housemaid
241 Cornelius, Jane Cornelius, Jane Cornelius Family Steerage abt 1829-30 44 housekeeper
242 Cornelius, Catherine Cornelius, Catherine Cornelius Family Steerage abt 1854-55 19 servant
243 Cornelius, Joseph Cornelius, Joseph Cornelius Family Steerage abt 1856-57 17 servant
244 Cornelius, Mary Cornelius, Mary Cornelius Family Steerage abt 1859-60 14 servant
245 Cornelius, Emily Cornelius, Emily Cornelius Family Steerage abt 1862-63 11
246 Cornelius, William Cornelius, William Cornelius Family Steerage abt 1864-65 9
247 Cornelius, Louisa Cornelius, Louisa Cornelius Family Steerage abt 1866-67 7
248 Collings, Anne Collings, Anne Steerage abt 1853-54 20 housemaid
249 Collins, Mary Collins, Mary Steerage abt 1854-55 19 domestic servant
250 Dillon, Mary Dillon, Mary Steerage abt 1851-52 22 domestic servant
251 Dalley, Mary Dalley, Mary Steerage abt 1841-42 32 domestic servant
252 Flannery, Ellen Flannery, Ellen Steerage abt 1847-48 26 entry is crossed out with died 1 July written faintly on the right
253 Fitzgerald, Mary Fitzgerald, Mary Steerage abt 1853-54 20 domestic servant
254 Fennelly, Johanna Fennelly, Johanna Steerage abt 1849-50 24 domestic servant
255 Grenfell, Cordelia Grenfell, Cordelia Steerage abt 1846-47 27 domestic servant
256 Gurry, Ann Gurry, Ann Steerage abt 1856-57 17 Names was not in manifest but found in newspaper
257 Morley, Helena Morley, Helena Steerage abt 1855-56 18 domestic servant
258 Myers, Bridget Myers, Bridget Steerage abt 1849-50 24 entry is crossed out with died 27 Aug written faintly beside
259 Mitchell, Mary Mitchell, Mary Mitchell Family Steerage abt 1851-52 45 needlewoman
260 Mitchell, Alice Mitchell, Alice Mitchell Family Steerage abt 1860-61 13
261 Mitchell, Jemima Mitchell, Jemima Mitchell Family Steerage abt 1862-63 11
262 Mitchell, Sampson Mitchell, Sampson Mitchell Family Steerage abt 1864-65 9
263 Mitchell, William Mitchell, William Mitchell Family Steerage abt 1866-67 7
264 Mitchell, Mary Mitchell, Mary Mitchell Family Steerage abt 1828-29 22 tailoress
265 Mitchell, Bessie Mitchell, Bessie Mitchell Family Steerage abt 1853-54 20 tailoress
266 McInnery, Margaret McInnery, Margaret McInnery Family Steerage abt 1856-57 18 domestic servant
267 McInnery, Margaret McInnery, Margaret McInnery Family Steerage abt 1855-56 17 domestic servant
268 McInnery, Catherine McInnery, Catherine McInnery Family Steerage abt 1858-59 15 domestic servant
269 Maher, Catherine Maher, Catherine Steerage abt 1843-44 30 cook
270 Mullins, Mary Mullins, Mary Steerage abt 1825-26 48 domestic servant
271 O’Hara, Rose O’Hara, Rose Steerage abt 1838-39 35 domestic servant
272 Peake, Ellen Peake, Ellen Steerage abt 1854-55 19 domestic servant
273 Phillips, Eliza Phillips, Eliza Phillips Family – F371 Steerage abt 1845-46 28 sempstress
274 Phillips, Albert Phillips, Albert Phillips Family – F371 Steerage abt 1866-67 7
275 Phillips, Alinda Phillips, Alinda - I752 Phillips Family – F371 Steerage abt 1868-69 5 Died - name was not on manifest but found in newspaper
276 Ryan, Catherine Ryan, Catherine Steerage abt 1846-47 27 domestic servant
277 Rowe, Elizabeth Rowe, Elizabeth Rowe Family Steerage abt 1812-13 61 housekeeper
278 Rowe, Martha Rowe, Martha Rowe Family Steerage abt 1837-38 36 mine labourer
279 Stevens, Ellen Stevens, Ellen Stevens Family Steerage abt 1853-54 20 domestic servant
280 Stevens, Mary J Stevens, Mary J Stevens Family Steerage abt 1852-53 21 domestic servant
281 Thomas, Eliza S Thomas, Eliza S Steerage abt 1849-50 24 domestic servant
282 Twiss, Eliza Twiss, Eliza Steerage abt 1853-54 20 domestic servant
283 Williams, Mary Williams, Mary Steerage abt 1815-16 58 nurse
284 Unknown Unknown, Steerage 18 June 1874 0 Baby boy born onboard - listed on Certificate of Arrival

Observations

1. The Sydney Morning Herald[3] quotes an article in the Wallaroo Times (provided below) that tells of a schooner called Mayflower that had to put into Wallaroo on Friday, August 28th, 1874. It had been heading from Port Broughton to Port Adelaide, but been driven back up the Gulf by a strong south-west gale and had lost the mate overboard. The man's name is given as Richard and his age as 32. It also indicated that his wife was a passenger on the City of Adelaide who had come to South Australia to be with him.

The Mayflower man overboard story was brifely reported in several newspapers prior to the Sydney Morning Herald article. Some newspapers reported that the man's first name was "Richard"[3][4][5] Other newspapers reported that the man's first name was "Charles".[6][7] It appears that at least one journalist has jumped to the wrong conclusion and taken the name Charles from another Burton couple whose names are seen on the City of Adelaide passenger list.

It would not be possible for the passenger, Charles Burton, to have come off the stranded clipper, travel to Port Broughton, set sail in a schooner in a gale as the mate, and subsequently be lost. The evidence is reasonably solid that Richard Burton, 32, was at sea on the schooner Mayflower on its way to Port Adelaide, and the schooner was upset by the same run of bad weather which had caused his wife's ship to be run aground.

It is sad to ponder whether Richard, in Port Broughton around the 25th August, had received word by telegraph of the arrival of Isabella, at Port Adelaide on the City of Adelaide, and whether that may have contributed to the schooner being caught in the gale on their way to Port Adelaide and Richard being lost overboard.

2. Newspaper report advertised unemployed married immigrants, per City of Adelaide, were available as follows: One general blacksmith, one bootmaker, one wheelwright, one bricklayer, and one mason's laborer.[8]

3. Some of the immigrants who arrived by the City of Adelaide appear to have not considered it desirable to give this colony a fair trial, a dozen of them having proceeded on Tuesday by the Aldinga to Melbourne.[9]

4. But the last casualty is in some respects the most serious of all. During the storm which raged all along the coast on Sunday night lost, the City of Adelaide, just arrived from London broke from her cable, and was driven almost on to the beach between Glenelg and the Semaphore. So great was the force of the gale, that although the vessel was deeply laden she was driven into about 4ft of water within a couple of hundred yards of the shore. There she still lies embedded in sand to the depth of some 6ft. During yesterday the sea was very rough, and no communication could be had with the beach, but steamers were sent round from the Semaphore, and arrangements were made for bringing off the passengers today. There are on board about 300 Government immigrants, besides a considerable number of other passengers, all of whom were thrown into the greatest consternation by the misadventure to the ship. There are eight cases of scarlet fever reported, and there have been seven deaths during the voyage. There is not the least danger of the vessel breaking up, but before sho can be floated she will have to be discharged and dismantled. The Pakwan, from London, narrowly escaped meeting a similar fate as the City of Adelaide, but she managed to sheer off from shore in time. The gales of late have been exceptionally severe, and news of further shipping disasters along the coast is apprehended.[10]


Births and Deaths During Voyage

Sadly, during the voyage, an outbreak of Scarlet Fever took the lives of several young passengers. The ship's doctor, Dr. W.M. Campbell, supplied a list to the newspaper[2] that shows seven passenger deaths during the voyage. There was another baby "born dead". In the Diary of James McLauchlan, he describes a baby being born in the same hour that a nine-month old infant died on the 18th June 1874. The diary does not mention the baby being born dead, and so it is believed that the two references refer to two different births.

The Certificate of Arrival only showed six deaths during the voyage and one birth - a boy. As the Certificate of Arrival only includes the tally of passengers sponsored by the South Australian Government, it would not have included the death of another nine-month old infant, Ada Dunk, who died on the 4th August. Ada's death was also mentioned in the diary where James McLauchlan says that Ada was christened by some the flower of the ship.


No. Name on Passenger List GEDCOM Name Cabin Class Birth Date Age Comment
1 Morgan, Mary A Morgan, Mary Ann Steerage 1873 nine months Died 17th June
2 Phillips, Alinda Phillips, Alinda Steerage abt 1868-69 5 years Died 21st June
3 Myers, Bridget Myers, Bridget Steerage abt 1849-50 24 years Died 27th June
4 Thomson, Mary Thomson, Mary Steerage 1872 22 months Died 30th June
5 Flannery, Ellen Flannery, Ellen Steerage abt 1847-48 26 years Died 1st July
6 Dunk, Ada Dunk, Ada Steerage 1873 nine months Died 4th August
7 Fitzpatrick, Michael Fitzpatrick, Michael Steerage abt 1850-51 23 years Died 21st August





Crew List

The following is a list of the crew on the voyage.

A Crew List for the 1874 voyage to Adelaide is not held. The following crew names have been determined by looking at the crew lists for the preceding and succeeding voyages and deducing which crew members must have been of board through out the period.

No. Name on Crew List GEDCOM Name Capacity Birth Date Age Date Joined Place Joined Last Ship Comment
1 Bowen, L W E Bowen, Llewellyn Master 40 London City of Adelaide Assumed on crew, no list held
2 Robins, Edwd Joseph Robins, Edward Joseph 1st Mate 54 London City of Adelaide Assumed on crew, no list held
3 Newnham, Ashley C Newnham, Ashley C 2nd Mate 23 London Assumed on crew, no list held
4 Brown, William Brown, William Sailmaker abt 58 London City of Adelaide Assumed on crew, no list held
5 Gill, William A Gill, William A Cook 37 London City of Adelaide Assumed on crew, no list held
6 Steward, George Lacy Steward, George Lacy Steward 25 London City of Adelaide Assumed on crew, no list held
7 Hilliard, Geo Fredk R Hilliard, George Frederik R Apprentice 17 14 Apr 1874 London indentured Assumed on crew, no list held
8 Cox, William John Cox, William John Apprentice 18 29 Jul 1873 London indentured Assumed on crew, no list held
9 Barber, Richard Henry Barber, Richard Henry Apprentice 16 05 Jun 1874 London indentured Assumed on crew, no list held


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Book number 313/33 Passenger lists for 1874/5 – 1874/14 Mortlock Library, Adelaide, South Australia
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 South Australian Register, Tuesday, August 25, 1874
  3. 3.0 3.1 The Sydney Morning Herald,Saturday 12 September 1874
  4. The Argus (Melbourne), Tuesday 1 September 1874
  5. The Mercury (Hobart), Tuesday 8 September 1874
  6. The Brisbane Courier, Tuesday 1 September 1874
  7. The Queenslander (Brisbane), Saturday September 5, 1874
  8. The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide), Saturday September 5, 1874
  9. The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide), Wednesday 2 September 1874
  10. The Argus (Melbourne), Friday 4 September 1874